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What is Malnutrition? Discuss.

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3 months 3 weeks ago #22099 by Mercy
Mercy created the topic: What is Malnutrition? Discuss.
What is Malnutrition?

-It refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person's intake of energy and/or nutrients.
This is a is a serious condition that occurs when a person's diet doesn't contain the right amount of nutrients.

-Eating a healthy, balanced diet plays a vital part in maintaining a good level of all-round health and fitness and will avoid malnutrition.

-In order to stay healthy, we need to consume foods from a number of different food groups including:

-carbohydrates,
-proteins,
-fats
-dairy.

Causes
-Medical condition that causes lack of appetite.
-Mental health condition, such as depression or schizophrenia, which may affect your ability to look after yourself.
-Not having enough food to eat on a daily basis.
-Inadequate diet
-Stomach conditions and digestive disorders, and
-Alcoholism.

Effects of Malnutrion
-Inability to maintain normal body temperature because lack of muscles and tissue mass
- inadequate diet can lead to malnutrition. Malnutrition is a condition which is caused by an imbalance between what a person eats and the nutrients that they need to maintain good health.
-Poor libido (sex drive) and fertility problems.
-Wounds take longer to heal and illnesses take longer to recover from.
-Reduced muscle and tissue mass
-Decreased mobility and stamina as a result of muscle wasting,
-Slower immune response which increases the risk of getting infections.
-Breathing difficulties, and an increased risk of chest infection and respiratory failure
-

Who is affected by malnutrition?
Anyone can become malnourished if, they do not consume enough food to fulfill their nutritional needs, or if they have an unhealthy diet. However, the groups who are most at risk from malnutrition are:

-The elderly - particularly those who are in hospital, or institutionalised,
-The marginalised group or those who are socially isolated,
-People with chronic (long-term) disorders - for example, eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
-People who are recovering from a serious illness, or condition - particularly those with a condition that affects their ability to eat, such as a stroke.

Symptoms



Treatment
-Treatment will depend on its severity, and whether you have any underlying illnesses, or conditions, that are causing you to be malnourished.
-Treatment should consider the patient’s needs and preferences, and that the patient should have the opportunity to make informed decisions about their care and treatment together with their healthcare professionals.
-The patient should be given the contact details of relevant support groups, charities, and voluntary organisations.
-Have nutritional support
-Monitoring support

Prevention
-All patients admistered in the hospital should have their weight measured, and have their Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated.
-Screening should also be considered at other times - for example, during routine health check-ups, or at the same time as vaccines.
-Nutritional support should be considered for those who are malnourished, or at risk of malnutrition.
-Sensitization and awareness on the importance of providing adequate nutrition, including oral, enteral and parenteral nutritional support, the potential risks and benefits, and when and where to seek expert advice.

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3 months 3 weeks ago #22340 by Alfred Onyango
Alfred Onyango replied the topic: What is Malnutrition? Discuss.
is a serious condition that occurs when a person's diet does not contain the right amount of nutrients

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3 months 3 weeks ago #22365 by Julia Watiri
Julia Watiri replied the topic: What is Malnutrition? Discuss.
Malnutrition
This is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are not enough or they are too much

It refers to both undernutrition and overnutrition.

The imbalance in nutrients manifests first in blood and tissue, followed by metabolic processes

The effects are-
-changes in body mass,
- poor wound healing,
-weight loss
- organ failure

Julia Watiri holds a Certificate in Auxiliary Health workers (Kenya School of Medical Science and Technology).

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1 week 22 hours ago #29698 by Everett Miller
Everett Miller replied the topic: What is Malnutrition? Discuss.
Thanks for sharing important information on malnutrition. Mostly in the rural areas or slum areas, malnutrition is mostly to be seen. Many people are suffering from the problem of poverty, which leads them for lack of hunger, malnutrition, etc. To help such people, who are suffering from malnutrition and poverty many NGO's organizes <a href=" www.mission-humanitaire-afrique.org/ ">mission humanitaire</a> programs for needy people at overseas.

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